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FM Transmitter 70MHz to 150MHz using MAX2606 IC with PCB

Fig. 1 - FM Transmitter 70MHz to 150MHz using MAX2606 IC with PCB

This is a low power micro FM transmitter with a voltage controlled oscillator, VCO, that covers the FM Modulated Frequency bands from 88 to 108Mhz, adjusted by a trimpot. 

The transmitter is based on the MAX2606 integrated circuit, which brings us great advantages, and one of the main ones is that the transmitter has a very small size, and can also be used for "Espionage". 

The MAX2606 Integrated Circuit

The MAX2606 is a compact high-performance intermediate-frequency (IF) Voltage Controlled  Oscillators (VCOs) designed  specifically  for  demanding  portable wireless communication systems. 

They combine monolithic  construction  with  low-noiselow-power  operation  in  a tiny 6-pin SOT23 package, as showed in Figure 2 above.
Fig. 2 - Pinout MAX2606 Integrated Circuit

These low-noise VCOs feature an on-chip varactor and feedback capacitors that eliminate the need for external tuning  elements,  making  the  MAX2605–MAX2609  ideal for  portable  systems.  

Only  an  external  inductor  is required to set the oscillation frequency. In addition, an integrated  differential  output  buffer  is  provided  for  driving a mixer or pre-scaler. 

The buffer output is capable of  supplying  up  to  -8dBm  (differential)  with  a  simple power match. It also provides isolation from load impedance variations. 

The  MAX2606  operate  from  a  single  +2.7V  to +5.5V power supply and offer low current consumption. These IF oscillators  can  cover  the  70MHz  to 150MHz  frequency range.

Features

  • Small Size 
  • Integrated Varactor for Tuning
  • Low Phase Noise
  • Wide Application Frequency Range
  • Differential or Single-Ended Outputs
  • Single +2.7V to +5.5V Supply
  • Ultra-Small SOT23-6 Package
  • On-Chip Temperature-Stable Bias
  • Low-Current Operation

ATTENTION!

For each Country, Region, State... There are Laws on broadcasting, telecommunications, audio and video transmission, etc.

Do not use telecommunications equipment without authorization from the entities responsible for transmitting Radio Frequencies.

Electronic Circuits teaches electronics applied to various segments, with the aim of improving knowledge, we do not support or take responsibility for any type of illegal operation.

For any operation with RF, we recommend looking for the competent regulatory agencies, seeking certification and/or legalization.

Transmitter Operation

This FM Transmitter circuit has its frequency adjustment through a Varicap diode built in the MAX2606 chip, this means that the frequency oscillator of the transmitter is controlled by applying voltage to input pin 3 of the MAX2606 chip.

The Frequency

The nominal frequency of the transmitter using the MAX2606 is 70 to 150 MHz, however, for our project we used a 390uH coil, which sets the frequency of the transmitter oscillator to the range 88 to 108 MHz.

Audio Input

The audio input is balanced through two resistors R1 and R2, so we can work with stereo input.

The RP2 Trimpot controls the gain of the transmitter's audio input, remembering that the audio input signal should not exceed 60mV to avoid distortions.

Frequency Adjustment

The RP1 Trimpot controls the oscillation frequency of the transmitter, varying the commercial FM frequency range from 88 to 108 MHz.

The antenna consists of a piece of wire approximately 75 cm long.

The coil L1 is 390mH, in case you cannot get a commercial coil, you can build one with approximately 8 to 14 turns of 0.5mm diameter copper wire wrapped around a 5mm core

To make a finer adjustment, you can be compressing or expanding the coil, and thus change its inductance.

The Power Supply

The MAX2606 integrated circuit works with a supply voltage ranging from 2.7 to 5.5Vdc with a current of 2.1mA. If you are going to use a power supply it is recommended to have good filtering, since Radio Frequency Transmitters are very sensitive to interference.

But, as most already intend to do with batteries, it is recommended not to use long wires, so as not to pick up external electromagnetic interference.

The Circuit

In Figure 2 below we can see the schematic diagram of FM Transmitter 70MHz to 150MHz using MAX2606 IC.

It is a circuit that has moderate difficulty, and should be assembled by people who have at least an intermediate level of knowledge
Fig. 3 - Schematic Circuit FM Transmitter 70MHz to 150MHz using MAX2606 IC

Components List

  • Semiconductors
    • U1 .......... MAX2606 Integrated Circuit

  • Resistor
    • R1, R2 ..... 22KΩ (red, red, orange, gold)
    • R3 ............ 4.7KΩ (yellow, violet, red, gold
    • R4 ............ 270Ω (red, violet, brown, gold)
    • R5, R6 ..... 1KΩ (brown, black, red, gold)
    • RP1 ......... 100KΩ Trimpot
    • RP2 ......... 10KΩ Trimpot

  • Capacitor
    • C1 .......... 10uF / 16V Electrolytic Capacitor
    • C2 .......... 0.47uF / 16V Electrolytic Capacitor
    • C3 .......... 680pF Ceramic Capacitor
    • C4 .......... 1nF Ceramic Capacitor
    • C5 .......... 100nF Polyester/Ceramic Capacitor
    • C6 .......... 220uF / 16V Electrolytic Capacitor
       
  • Miscellaneous 
    • P1 .......... 3-pin PCB soldering terminal blocks
    • P2 .......... 2-pin PCB soldering terminal blocks
    • Others .... Printed Circuit Board, tin, wires, etc.

Printed Circuit Board

In Figure 3, we provide the PCB - Printed Circuit Board, in GERBER, PDF and PNG files. These files are available for free download, on the MEGA server, in a direct link, without any bypass. 

All to make it easier for you to do a more optimized assembly, either at home, or with a company that prints the board. You can download the files in the Download option below.

Fig. 3 - PCB - FM Transmitter 70MHz to 150MHz using MAX2606 IC

Files to Download, Direct Link:

Click on the link beside: GERBER, PDF and PNG files

If you have any questions, suggestions or corrections, please leave them in the comments and we will answer them soon.

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My Best Regards!!!


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