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1.5V to 28V, 7.5 Amps Adjustable Symmetric Power Supply using IC LT1083 with PCB


This is a power supply designed to be used in a technical bench, based on the LT1083 integrated circuit, which is an adjustable 3-terminal positive voltage regulator, which provides a current of 7.5A in a variable output voltage range of 1.5 to 28V, and even has short circuit and over temperature protection.
 
The Circuit provides a symmetrical output, which pleases all of us engineers, technicians and designers, this type of power supply, as it brings us great efficiency for application in technical benches, mainly for testing audio amplifiers.

LT1083 IC Description

The  LT1083  positive  adjustable  regulator  are designed to provide  7.5A with higher efficiency than currently  available  devices.  

In Figure 2 - You'll find the description of the input, output and ground pins. There are also other types of encapsulation, as this TO - 3P is the most common.
Fig. 2 - Pinout LT1083

All  internal  circuitry  is designed to operate down to 1V input to output differential and the dropout voltage is fully specified as a function of load current. 

Dropout is guaranteed at a maximum of 1.5V at  maximum  output  current,  decreasing  at  lower  load currents. 

On-chip trimming adjusts the output voltage to 1%. Current limit is also trimmed, minimizing the stress on both the regulator and power source circuitry under overload conditions.


The LT1083  series  devices  are  pin  compatible  with  older three terminal  regulators. A 10μF  output  capacitor  is required on these new devices; however, this is usually included in most regulator designs.

Unlike  PNP  regulators,  where  up  to  10%  of  the  output current is wasted as quiescent current, the LT1083 quiescent current flows into the load, increasing efficiency.

Features

  • Three-Terminal 3.3V, 3.6V, 5V, 12V or Adjustable
  • Output Current of 3A, 5A or 7.5A
  • Operates Down to 1V Dropout
  • Guaranteed Dropout Voltage at Multiple Current Levels
  • Line Regulation: 0.015%
  • Load Regulation: 0.1%
  • 100% Thermal Limit Functional Test
  • Adjustable Versions Available

How the Circuit Work

The circuit operation is quite simple, and its operation is applied with an artifice that we did to join two adjustable sources into one, since we don't have "as far as I know", a regulator of the same negative line, like what happens with the regulators LM317, LM7812 and etc.

The bridges of diodes KBPC5010 D1 and D4, are responsible for rectifying the circuit, this diode bridge is able to support currents up to 50A, I know it's an exaggeration, but it was what I had here, you can be putting with lower current, as the, KBPC1510, for 15A, or the KBPC1010 for 10A.

The capacitors C1 and C3, are electrolytic capacitors responsible for filtering the circuit, we use them of 10,000uF, but if you don't have one you can put one of 8,000uF, remembering that they have to be able to avoid Ripple in the power supply.

The resistors R1 and R3 are the limiters for LED1 and LED2, which are used as voltage signaling for the two sources.

The voltage that comes already rectified and filtered enters the Positive Voltage Regulators, as we can see in the circuit, they are identical circuits, and through the double potentiometer the output voltage regulation is done, ranging from 1.5V to 28V.

The diodes D2, D3, D5, and D6, are for reverse voltage protection that can arise from the circuit and damage the Regulators, and the diodes protect these voltages in the regulators.

The resistors R2 and R4, are responsible for the Feedback voltage, or feedback, they keep the output voltage stable, they are resistors that if you have conditions, put the ones with low error percentage, such as precision resistors with 1%.

And finally, the capacitors C2 and C4, are for spurious filter, if you can afford it, it is preferable tantalum capacitors. 

The Circuit Diagram

The complete schematic diagram of the power supply is shown below in Figure 2, it is a simple but complete adjustable symmetric power supply.
Fig. 3 - Schematic Diagram 1.5V to 28V, 7.5 Amps Adjustable Symmetric Power Supply using IC LT1083 

The Power Transformer

The transformer must be symmetrical with center tape open, this means that it will to have two independent winding: "2 Wire + 2 Wire", as illustrated in Figure 4 below. 
Fig. 4 - Symmetrical Transformer with Independent secondary winding

The transformer must be able to supply 8A at the symmetrical output. The primary voltage, "input voltage", must correspond to the voltage in your area; 110V or 220Vac

The secondary voltage, "output voltage", should be 21Vac in each coil, because after rectification it will supply the circuit with 30Vdc.

Component List

  • Semiconductors
    • U1, U2 .................. LT1083 Voltage Regulator  
    • D1, D4 .................. KBPC5010 - 50A Rectifier Bridge *See Text
    • D2, D3, D5, D6 .... 1N4007 Diode Rectifier 
    • LED1, LED2 ........ Light Emitter Diode (General Use)

  • Resistors
    • R1, R3 ....... 2K7Ω 1/8w Resistor (red, violet, red, gold
    • R2, R4 ....... 120Ω 1/8w Resistor (brown, red, brown, gold
    • RP1 ........... 5KΩ Double Potentiometer 

  • Capacitors
    • C1, C3 ........ 10.000uF - 45V Electrolytic capacitor 
    • C2, C4 ........ 10uF - 45V Electrolytic capacitor 

  • Miscellanies
    • P1, P2 ........ Connector 2 screw terminal 5mm 2 Pins
    • P3 .............. Connector 3 screw terminal 5mm 3 Pins
    • Others ....... Wires, Power Transformer, Solders, pcb, heat sink, etc.

Download

We provide the files with the PCB, the schematic, the PDF, GERBER and JPG, PNG and provide a direct link for free download and a direct link, "MEGA".

Click on the direct link to download the files: Layout PCB, PDF, GERBER, JPG

If you have any questions, suggestions or corrections, please leave them in the comments and we will answer them soon.

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My Best Regards!!!

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